Date(s) - 20/10/2017 - 15/04/2018
Deutsches Historisches Museum
The year 2017 is the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. The revolutionary events and the civil war, lasting in Russia until 1922, led to a fundamental, systemic change that influenced the entire 20th century. In mentality and cultural history, the revolution at first brought about an awakening in all areas of society. It led to new forms of economy, education and culture, fostered national, political and social freedom movements, inspired artists and people working in all areas of culture far beyond the borders of Russia, and challenged the traditional value systems of the old European societies. Parallel to these aspects from the very beginning were political counter-movements, terror and brutal measures of suppression, which finally brought the revolution to an end. This development was a continuation of the violence experienced in the First World War and marked the people in the region for several generations. Today these aspects still play a role. Although the polarisation of the world first came about as a result of the Second World War, the Russian Revolution and the founding of the Soviet Union in 1922 paved the way for this future development. The upheavals in Europe’s largest country led to a new political system which stood in sharp contrast to the parliamentary-democratic developments in other European states. This was the point of departure for a dispute about the different political models in Europe that raged throughout the 1920s and 1930s.
The exhibition in the Deutsches Historisches Museum explores the complex revolutionary events in Russia and their many-layered consequences for Europe and considers the question of what reactions and counter-reactions the political and social upheaval triggered in selected European and non-European countries. With the help of various examples, the exhibition also hopes to widen the perspective on aspects of the events from 100 years ago that are still relevant to the present day and thus to contribute to a greater understanding of current conflicts.← Back